We know that CBD oil is extracted from the cannabis plant. A cannabis plant contains a total of about 113 cannabinoids of which two components matter the most, namely- Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD). Based on these two cannabinoids the properties of the oil can be determined. The quality of the CBD oil can be best determined by the amount of CBD and THC present in the sample. Why the amount matters while choosing the best CBD oil can be clearly seen once we know the nature, chemical, physical and biological aspect of both the components.
It acts like the cannabinoid chemical produced naturally by the body. Cannabinoid receptors are found in those areas of the brain which are linked with properties like- thinking, pleasure, pleasure, co-ordination and time perception. When THC is consumed or taken in the body, it gets attached to those receptors, it activates them which affects the above mentioned properties and this is the feeling which is termed as being high, which is the psychoactive property of it. THC stimulates the brain cell to release dopamine which is called the happiness hormone, which is why it becomes addictive. It also interferes with the information processing of the hippocampus, the memory forming part of the brain. As a result, it causes hallucination, change in thinking and also delusion.
THC is found in the resin secreted by the glands of the Cannabis indica plant. It is found in the reproductive organs of the plant. When THC is exposed to air it changes its composition to cannabinol.
CBD is a phytocannabinoid, because it is formed by de-carboxylation the carboxylic acids, which are present in it when inside the plant. It is devoid of the psychoactive property i.e. it does not give the feeling of being high, but it associated with analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antineoplastic and chemo preventive activities. One of the most important activities it performs is that it inhibits cancer cell invasion and prevents metastasis. It is anti-addictive and this property is displayed due to its protective effect on stress and neurotoxicity. Besides being anti addictive due to this action it also has the effect of anti-depressant, anxiolytic and neuro-protective.
Determination of the quality of the oil based on CBD and THC
Now that the functioning of both the components is known, it can be estimated that how the presence of these two compounds will determine the quality of the CBD oil.
THC has psychoactive property while CBD do not have. Instead CBD blocks the psychoactive property of the THC and reduces the feeling of getting high and also getting addicted to it.
Till date the oil extracted contains both the components and elimination of one of the component cannot be done, but the amount of presence can be altered. From the nature, chemical, and biological aspect it is seen that the oil can be best as a medicine if the amount of CBD is more than THC. Because THC has lots of side effects, like-
- Getting high or the psychoactive property.
- Getting addictive with the sample.
- Having a feeling of hallucination, delusion, etc.
- Affecting the memory
But CBD has no such side effects; instead it is able to block the properties of THC. And due to the properties of CBD, the CBD oil is not only limited to the treatment of cancer but also has extended for the treatment of various other diseases, like- anxiety, depression, high blood pressure, insomnia, constipation, etc.
In UK CBD oil is taken as oral mucosal spray, the name oil in it may be misleading. The best CBD oil can be obtained if it contains higher amount of CBD and lower amount of THC. Plant Hemp is known to be used to produce one of the best qualities of CBD oil as it contains only about 0.5% THC by weight.